Article details

Title: Theoretical and experimental study of a less-lethal 9×19 mm caliber ammunition
Author(s): Doru-Adrian Goga   Serioja Chivu   

Abstract: The problem was to study the possibility to adapt standard 9×19 mm caliber ammunition to make it less-lethal or non-lethal. The subject is indeed really important because it occurs in a context where crowd control during demonstrations or riots is a real matter. The Military Technical Academy is an institution where there are brought together several laboratories whose purpose is military research. Given that fact, we have been able to create bullets in a material whose behavior is different from lead and modify the amount of powder contained in the cartridge cases so that we can expect ammunition which would stun or cause pain enough to incapacitate anyone. We have also had the chance to run several tests with different versions of the bullet, by going to a MTA indoor firing range. After those tests, it seems that metal jacketed bullet with a polyurethane resin core are an efficient start to reduce lethality. The amount of powder which seems to guarantee the non-lethality is 0.24 g, it might be interesting in the future to run some more tests to make sure the quantity is correct and that a weapon would work perfectly with that ammunition.

Keywords: non-lethal weapons, ammunition, propellant, combustion

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