Article details

Title: Response Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Structure under Blast
Author(s): Cătălin Baciu   Marin Lupoae            

Abstract: This paper aims to present concepts that can help structural engineers mitigate the threat of hazards associated with terrorist attacks on new and existing buildings. The first part of the paper briefly refers to the bomb blast effects, to the damage of exposed buildings and to the reasonable measures adopted in the concept stage of design. The second part presents the potential occurrence and propagation of the progressive collapse for reinforced concrete structures. According to the results obtained, the paper offers the possibility to better understand the behavior of a building structure directly affected by a terrorist bomb attack.

Keywords: reinforced concrete, demolition scenario, Applied Element Method, stand-off distance

References:

[1] *** – FEMA426:Reference Manual to Mitigate Potential Terrorist Attacks against Buildings, US Governmental Regulation, 2003
[2] H. DRAGANIĆ, V. SIGMUND Blast Loading on Structures,, Technical Gazette, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 643-652, 2012
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[4] M. LUPOAE, C. BACIUThe Progressive Collapse Evaluation of Buildings Due to Blast Attacks, Proc of the International Conference Greener and Safer Energetic and Ballistic Systems - GSEBS 2015, Military Technical Academy, Bucharest, Romania, May 22-23, 2015
[5] Progressive Collapse. Analysis and Design Guidelines for New Federal Office Buildings and Major Modernization Projects, U.S. General Service Administration (GSA), Washington, D.C., Jun. 2003